- A 1995 NBC exercise in New York City determined that the first 100 emergency responders to arrive on the scene would be “killed” because they were not adequately prepared or trained to deal with this type of situation. In Los Angeles, a similar exercise left doctors admitting that “victims” would have seriously contaminated their hospitals. Similar results occurred in a 1997 exercise in Salt Lake City.
- In 1996, the “Defense Against Weapons of Mass Destruction Act,” more commonly known as the Nunn-Lugar-Domenici legislation, was passed. This bill recognizes the lack of preparedness of most first responders and provides the necessary funding and authority to train cities to respond safely to acts of terrorism.